Fama Fraternitatis - 1614

Wiewohl wir nun wohl wissen, daß es umb ein ziemliches noch nicht an dem, da wieder unserm Verlangen oder auch anderer Hoffnung mit allgemeiner Reformation divini et humani, solle genug geschehen, ist es doch nicht unbillich, daß, ehe die Sonne auffgehet, sie zuvor ein HELL oder dunkel liecht in den Himmel bringt und unter dessen etliche wenige, die sich werden angeben, zusammen tretten, unsere Fraternitet mit der Zahl und Ansehen des gewünschten und von Fr.R.C. fürgeschriebenen Philosophischen Canons, einen glücklichen Anfang machen oder ja in unserer Schätz (die uns nimmermehr aufgehen können) mit uns in Demut und Liebe genießen die Mühsamkeit dieser Welt überzuckern und in den Wunderwerken Gottes nicht also blind umbgehen.

Vi vet dock att det enligt vår åstundan och andras förväntningar efter någon tid kommer en allmän reformation av både gudomliga och mänskliga ting. Ty innan solen går upp, upplyses himlen av
MORGONRODNADENS ljus. I väntan på denna reformation församlas några få som med sitt antal skall utöka vårt brödraskap, höja dess anseende och stärka dess förhoppningar och ge de av Fr.R.C. föreskrivna Filosofiska Canons en lycklig begynnelse. I all ödmjukhet och kärlek skall dessa nytillkomna tillsammans med oss dela våra skatter, som aldrig skall förgås, och så lindra denna världens möda och inte längre vandra ovetande om kunskapen om Guds underbara verk.

Howbeit we know after a time there will now be a general reformation, both of divine and humane things, according to our desire, and the expectation of others: for it is fitting, that before the rising of the Sun, there should appear and break forth AURORA, or some clearness, or divine light in the sky; and so in the mean time some few, which shall give their names, may joyn together, thereby to increase the number and respect of our Fraternity, and make a happy and wished for beginning of our Philosophical Canons, prescribed to us by our brother R.C. and be partakers with us of our treasures (which never can fail or be wasted) in all humility, and love to be eased of this worlds labor, and not walk so blindly in the knowledge of the wonderful works of God.


Det brittiska ordenssällskapet Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn och den tyska Frimurarlogen L'Aurore Naissante, vilket grundades i London 1888 respektive Frankfurt-am-Main 1807, delade på samma hebreiska namn Chevrah Zerach Bequr Aur, förevisat i gyllene gult vid bloggens huvud, vilket ordagrannt kan översättas till “Stigande Gryningsljusets Sällskap”. Denna tyska Rosenkorsiska Frimurarloge i Frankfurt, vilket måste anses vara det ursprungliga modertemplet till GOLDEN DAWN, kallade sig på tyska även Loge sur Aufgehenden Morgenröthe, vilket kan översättas till “Gryende Morgonrodnadens Loge”. Detta skiljer sig åt från den engelska seden att översätta orden Bequr Aur till “Golden Dawn” eller “Gyllene Gryningen”. Med anledning av Rosenkorstraditionens tyska ursprung är en mer korrekt översättning av Bequr Aur, genom franskans L'Aurore Naissante och tyskans Aufgehenden Morgenröthe, inget annat än GRYENDE MORGONRODNADEN. Denna hänvisning till ett stigande gryningsljus, morgonrodnad eller aurora är en klar hänvisning till den allmäna reformationen omnämnt i det ovan citerade stycket från Fama Fraternitatis. Denna blogg har dock valt att behålla den försvenskade anglo-saxiska termen GYLLENE GRYNINGEN för att denna, invand som den är, lättare associeras med den Rosenkorsiska tradition som här ämnas att framställas.

Licht, Leben, Liebe

tisdag 29 juni 2010

The peculiar use of Enochian Kings: Angelic Magic or Enochian Magic?


Although I do believe that much of the Golden Dawn system of ritual initiation and magic stems from older Rosicrucian sources, Enochian Magic is one field that is unique for the English tradition and that of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. I believe that Kennet MacKenzie, as the author of the Cypher MSS., started this integration process for the Outer Order, while it was William Wynn Westcott and in particular Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers who developed it further for its Inner Order, Ordo Rosae Rubeae et Aureae Crucis (R.R. et A.C.). These are presented in the Ritual papers “H” and “S” regarding the Elemental Tablets, Ritual “T” on the use of Enochian Calls, Ritual “X” concerning the use of God-Forms, and Rituals “Y-1” and “Y-2” regarding Rosicrucian (or Enochian) Chess. There is also some additional material on the use of pyramids in skrying (astral projection) for the individual squares in the Flying Roll No. XXXIII.

Scrying session of Edward Kelly & John Dee

Now, modern proponents and practitioners of the magical system as set forth by Dr. John Dee often criticise the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn for its tampering with its original contents as revealed through the shew-stone scrying of Edward Kelly. Golden Dawn students like myself instead hold that the Order founders S.L. MacGregor Mathers and William Wynn Westcott extracted what they had from Dee’s notebooks and through a process of integration with Qabalah and Hermetica took it a step further. Depending on your outlook you either see it as a tampering degeneration or as a progressive development.

John Dee’s Shewstone

The Golden Dawn, contrary to any “by the book” adherents of Dee’s notes, see the system as revealed by Kelly as a part of a greater whole. Thus in the Golden Dawn the system of the Four Watchtowers, and that of the Enochian Keys or Calls, is integrated with the rest of the Golden Dawn philosophical system, thus relating it to the Holy Qabalah, Astrology, Geomancy and the Tarot.

Edward Kelly

Detractors of MacGregor Mathers often hold that he only had access to Méric Casaubon’s A True & Faithful Relation of What Passed for Many Yeers between Dr. John Dee and Some Spirits, originally published in 1659, and therefore based his conclusions without a full knowledge of Dee’s entire system. Ergo the entire Golden Dawn interpretation is in error and should be discarded with.

Dr. John Dee

The fact is that A True & Faithful Relation is an erroneous transcript of the MS. Cotton Appendix XLVI and thus is a partial collection of Dee’s notebooks from his magical workings and therefore not complete. But what many often miss is that MacGregor Mathers, prior to him founding the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn jointly with Westcott, practically lived in the British Library Museum. He surely must have had access to many of its manuscripts in his research, such as the more accurate ones stemming from the hand of Elias Ashmole which found its way to the British Museaum as MSS. Sloane 2599, 3188, 3677, etc.

Elias Ashmole

Therefore we must give MacGregor Mathers and Westcott the benefit of the doubt when we assess or judge their scholarly level of understanding of Dee’s original material. Furthermore, there are parts missing from Dee’s journals and Ashmole’s transcripts, and Dee often himself scratch his head and fail to comprehend what has been revealed to him. Thus it is practically impossible to be a faithful follower of Dee’s notes if one wants to implement them, and thus his material needs to be interpreted and parts being invented or re-created to fill in the missing gaps or guidelines.

S.L. MacGregor Mathers

In the final analysis it seems that we have the Golden Dawn to be grateful to for presenting us with a workable formula in the first place. Many who have ventured into the original notebooks of John Dee have started upon their paths from the published documents written by MacGregor Mathers and Westcott for the initiates of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.

William Wynn Westcott

It is however clear that the work of integration of Dee’s magical system into the Golden Dawn was incomplete as it only limited itself to the Four Tablets (from the Great Table), the 18 Calls and 30 Aires or Aethers. In practice only the 18 Calls or Keys were used in the Golden Dawn, the 30 Aries being left hanging without use.

Aleister Crowley

Aleister Crowley, who saw himself as a reincarnation of Edward Kelly, was the Golden Dawn initiate who probably took the first step to develop the Golden Dawn system further. He did this with his experimentation with the 30 Aires and later published his findings in The Vision and the Voice. However the incomplete system has been developed even further by modern Golden Dawn Adepts, such as David John Griffin who in his The Ritual Magic Manual has revealed his research and development of the Planetary and Zodiacal system using Dee’s original notes.

David John Griffin

Thus today the Golden Dawn practitioner have access to a more or less complete system of integration between the Golden Dawn tradition and John Dee’s original system of Angelic Magic. However it is not the same as John Dee’s system. As with most of the Golden Dawn syncretic system, to fit many and originally disparate components into a new coherent whole you have to sacrifice parts to fit it into a workable format. This is also the case with John Dee’s research.

The wax seal of John Dee

Thus I prefer to separate Golden Dawn’s envisioned system from Dee’s original system and designate them with different names; in the Golden Dawn format it should be referred to as “Enochian Magic”. John Dee’s original system, untainted by any post 16th Century developments, I personally refer to as “Angelic Magic”. The fact is that Dee himself referred to his system as “Angel Magic”.

Golden Dawn style God-Form

Thus if you choose to use the Golden Dawn Enochian Magical system you will invoke the Enochian Angels through the lens of the Golden Dawn perspective, coloured by attributions not originally intended by John Dee. For example, the use of Egyptian God-Forms in combination with Angelic invocation. One other such development (or tampering) is the attribution of the four Tablets with the four Elements (Fire, Water, Air & Earth), although Dee does attribute them to the four quarters, but also the creation of a fifth Tablet called “The Tablet of Union” attributed to the Fifth Element of Spirit.

The Watchtowers according to John Dee

Furthermore, as Dee is relatively vague of the actual purpose of the Angelical Calls or Keys, in the Golden Dawn system the 18 Calls are fitly attributed to the Four Tablets (Elements) taken from the Great Table and the four Lesser Quadrants of each Tablet (sub-elements), a “invention” or “liberty” taken by MacGregor Mathers which is highly contested by practitioners of “Angelic Magic” of Dr. John Dee.

The Great Table

One other such invention (or liberty taken), which I would like to develop somewhat in this essay, is the peculiar use of the four Kings, in the Golden Dawn referred to as Elemental Kings. As with all other Holy and Angelic Names, the names of the Kings are extracted from each Tablet. In the case with the Kings they are taken from the 8 most central letters in a spiral clockwise fashion from the perimeter towards the centre. An example is taken from the Air Tablet whose 8 central letters creates BATAIVAH in a spiral movement as shown in the illustration below.

The extraction of the King from the Air Tablet

In a similar fashion to create the Elemental King from the Earth Tablet one gets ICZHIHAL or ICZHHCAL depending upon which version of the Tablets you are using, as Dee created several versions (which accounts for the traditional Golden Dawn fashion to present several letters in one and the same square). Similarly the name of RAAGIOSL is extracted from the Water Tablet to create the Water King, and EDLPRNAA to create the Elemental Fire King.

Golden Dawn old style Earth Tablet

Now, contrary to the practice of the Golden Dawn initiate John Dee never used all eight letters of a Kingly Name but instead used seven. He did that to distinguish between and attributed a severe and merciful side to the Kings. The difference being made to the two last letters in each name (i.e. the two middle letters of the Tablet), where the severe name uses the last letter while the merciful uses the second last letter. Thus according to Dee the severe name of the airy King is BATAIVH, while the merciful name is BATAIVA.

Golden Dawn “new style Earth Tablet

In a similar fashion the severe name for the earthly King is ICZHIHL or ICZHHCL depending on the Tablet version being used, while the merciful name is ICZHIHA or ICZHHCA. Likewise the severe name for the watery King is RAAGIOL while the merciful one is RAAGIOS, and the severe name for the fiery King is EDLPRNA while the merciful is that of ELDPRNA.

The John Dee exhibition at the British Museum

As I see it, in the Golden Dawn the Kings uses both or dual last letters, i.e. all eight letters of the Name, as they are a fusion or unification of the merciful and severe sides of the Kings. This differs from the traditional standard in Dee’s Angelic Magic as the last two letters are exchanged to create this contrast between severity and mercy, with the exception of EDLPRNAA where he exchanges the second and third because following the previous rule wouldn’t make any difference as they both would end with an “A”. But in the Golden Dawn System of Enochian Magic the synthesis of the two aspects of the Fire King should be written as it is shown on the Tablet (i.e. ending with a double-A), as is the case with the other three Kings.

Sigillum Dei Aemeth

To summarize, the Golden Dawn uses all 8 letters of the King names while the Angelic Magic of John Dee only uses 7 of all 8, and thus differentiates between the polarity as contained in each name. The Golden Dawn System of Enochian Magic on the other hand emphasises the union of opposites, which is both alchemically and qabalistically more correct and should create more balance to the ritual. This also emphasises the Solar attribution of the Enochian Kings – Sol being the foremost Planet of synthesis and equilibrium.

Seal on the back of the Sigillum Dei Aemeth

So, in my opinion, I believe the Golden Dawn way to approach the Enochian Kings is the most wise and balanced one and thus more adequate in a Golden Dawn setting. So here we see an example of progressive development using the extant dynamics of the magical system inherited from John Dee, which fits to the overall Hermetic and Qabalistic system used in the Golden Dawn.

Lamen used by John Dee

But surely Dee’s method gives more opportunities in the personal work of an Adept if one chooses to emphasise the 7-lettered version of each name, and one of the polar opposites of severity and mercy. It gives rise to quite interesting magical formulae which may be utilized by the Enochian Magician as well as the Angelic Magician.

Ceremonial ring devised by John Dee
faithfully rendered by David R. Jones

Thus the Golden Dawn Adept may freely use whatever recommendations is put forth by John Dee in his original writings now and then, without upsetting the Golden Dawn intent and focus, if he keeps the system in check within the Golden Dawn context in his overall practice. Thus even a Golden Dawn Adept may create himself a “Holy Table” according to Dee’s specifications, and the Sigillum Dei Aemeth in wax and accompanying golden ring and lamen (see attached images), and even a shew stone if he prefers. I remember reading somewhere that this even was recommended by MacGregor Mathers and Westcott in the R.R. et A.C. in one of the senior sub-grades of the Adeptus Minor.

The Holy Table

In this context I recommend Enochian Magic for Beginners: The Original System of Angel Magic by Donald Tyson, and the modern classic The Enochian Evocation of Dr. John Dee by Geoffrey James. The book by Tyson makes good comparisons between the Angelic Magic of John Dee and the Enochian Magic of the Golden Dawn, while the book by James presents the original writings of John Dee as he used them in a straightforward manner.


9 kommentarer:

Unknown sa...

Care VH Frater S.R.,

Excellent post, thank you. It's interesting...most of the people I've spoken to who complain about the Golden Dawn system of Enochian Magics don't actually practice ANY Angelic/Enochian Magic. They say the GD system takes too many liberties, without understanding that those very liberties are what make the beautiful mess Dee left a workable system. There are a number of ways to approach the material, of course; the GD approach (especially after GH Frater LES' Book of the Concourse of Forces syncretized the Qabalistic/Enochian correspondences) is whole and sane and works. What's wrong with that?

I personally find Lon Milo Duquette's approach to Enochian Magic to be wonderfully simple and workable. I notice you didn't mention it--what is your opinion of Fra Duquette's method?



Sincerus Renatus... sa...

Care Fra. A.I.T.,

Thank you for your kind words. I agree with you that Dee's system is difficult, if not impossible, to implement simply by reading the various Sloane MSS. The Golden Dawn approach is workable and connects the system to the overall Rosicrucian Magical system.

Paul Foster Case, as we all know, was highly critical of the use of Enhocian in the context of Rosicrucian Magic. But he either forgot or disregarded the fact that John Dee was part of the current we today refer to as "Rosicrucian", and that many regarded him and still regard him as a key player in the formation of the R+C fraternity. He travelled with Edward Kelly in central Europe (Germany, Poland and Bohemia) at the time of its formation.

Thus Enochiana interconnects spledidly with the Rosicrucian system of Magic. MacGregor Mathers and Westcott understood this, and finally merged them together in a wonderful way.

Unfortunately I haven't read any of Lon Milo Duquette's work yet, so I cannot base any opinion. Perhaps I will read it someday. Any books you could recommend by him?

I have watched some of his pictures of his Enochian Tablets. While they are very impressive they seem to follow Crowley's recommendation of using "pyramids" for all squares on the Tablets.

I have always felt this being reduntant. It creates to big of a plottered mess on the Tablet. To my knowledge, the original R.R. et A.C. papers never recommended this. The pyramids are supposed to be used for invocations of individual squares and primarily used for skrying.

In my opinion, it is better to use the "plain" coloured Tablets (such as the coloured version of the Earth Tablet attached to this essay), when you use the Tablet for invocation placed in its proper quarter. Then create the individual pyramid (with God-Form and Kerub) when you intend to invoke a individal square.

In Licht, Leben und Liebe

Rene Nagal sa...

Care VH Frater,

thanks for this interesting post. It inspires me to take up my enochian studies again.
I recommend "Enochian Vision Magick" and "Enochian Sex Magick" (which is simply an elaborate comment on Crowleys Liber Chanokh) from DuQuette. His approach seems very simple, but nonetheless effective.

In L.V.X.,

Sincerus Renatus... sa...

Care Fra. L.e.N.e.,

Thank's for the recommendations. "Enochian Sex Magic", now that's a name which sticks to the mind.

So, what's is this simple method you both are mentioning all about? Simple compared to what? The Golden Dawn Enochian Magic or John Dee's Angelic Magic?

In Licht, Leben und Liebe

Unknown sa...

Care VH Fra SR,

Duquette's method as laid out in his book is simple and clear to understand in comparison to everything else I've ever read on Enochian.

I have an extra physical copy, in case you would like to peruse it. Shoot me an email with your address (if you're comfortable with that), and I'll send it your way.



Fr. A. sa...


I would caution one to utilize other tablets than those printed in Liber Chanock, particularly if following the RR et AC system.

Although several sets of tablets appeared in the RR et AC material, the truncated pyramid version in Chanock presents some issues as far as actually using the Tablets along with the synchronized use of the Chess Boards, which is the intention...

In L.V.X.,

Sincerus Renatus... sa...

Care Fra. Olen,

Why "caution" against the use of the "simple" Elemental Tablet layout?

I agree that the "pyramid" version has a particular value for the R.R. et A.C. Adept (even though I still find the "simple" Tablet as much useful as the "pyramid" version) as it reflects the layout for Rosicrucian Chess.

But I would definitely not recommend the use of truncated pyramids for Outer Order members who use Enochian Tablets in their work. Pyramid workings and the use of "pyramid" Tablets is properly reserved for Inner Order.

Thank's for your ever valuable input.

In Licht, Leben und Liebe

Frater X sa...

Greetings & Peace

A lovely summary. I note that you quote me in regard to the operations of the Kings and use a picture of Dee's ring from the Coph Nia Wand. In order to promote amity and an environment of proper scholarly protocols I would kindly request that you give citation for your sources, at least in a general way with a works cited entry at the end of your essay.
Fraternally David R. Jones Master Coph Nia Oasis O.T.O.

Sincerus Renatus... sa...

Care Frater X,

Thank you for your kind words. Of course I will give you credit for your ring. But will all due respect, I haven't quoted anyone in my text. The first source to make me aware of this difference in Dee's and Mathers' metodology in the use of Enochian Kings was Tyson, the book that I have recommended in the last paragraph of my essay. I haven't even read the Coph Nia Wand.

It was a while ago that I wrote the piece so I have forgotten where on the net I extracted the pictures, but it must have been on google picture. But I will of course list your name as the source for the photograph of that beautifully made ring. Thank you for still letting me use it despite of my breach of scholarly protocol. Please accept my applogies.

In Licht, Leben und Liebe,