Fama Fraternitatis - 1614

Wiewohl wir nun wohl wissen, daß es umb ein ziemliches noch nicht an dem, da wieder unserm Verlangen oder auch anderer Hoffnung mit allgemeiner Reformation divini et humani, solle genug geschehen, ist es doch nicht unbillich, daß, ehe die Sonne auffgehet, sie zuvor ein HELL oder dunkel liecht in den Himmel bringt und unter dessen etliche wenige, die sich werden angeben, zusammen tretten, unsere Fraternitet mit der Zahl und Ansehen des gewünschten und von Fr.R.C. fürgeschriebenen Philosophischen Canons, einen glücklichen Anfang machen oder ja in unserer Schätz (die uns nimmermehr aufgehen können) mit uns in Demut und Liebe genießen die Mühsamkeit dieser Welt überzuckern und in den Wunderwerken Gottes nicht also blind umbgehen.

Vi vet dock att det enligt vår åstundan och andras förväntningar efter någon tid kommer en allmän reformation av både gudomliga och mänskliga ting. Ty innan solen går upp, upplyses himlen av
MORGONRODNADENS ljus. I väntan på denna reformation församlas några få som med sitt antal skall utöka vårt brödraskap, höja dess anseende och stärka dess förhoppningar och ge de av Fr.R.C. föreskrivna Filosofiska Canons en lycklig begynnelse. I all ödmjukhet och kärlek skall dessa nytillkomna tillsammans med oss dela våra skatter, som aldrig skall förgås, och så lindra denna världens möda och inte längre vandra ovetande om kunskapen om Guds underbara verk.

Howbeit we know after a time there will now be a general reformation, both of divine and humane things, according to our desire, and the expectation of others: for it is fitting, that before the rising of the Sun, there should appear and break forth AURORA, or some clearness, or divine light in the sky; and so in the mean time some few, which shall give their names, may joyn together, thereby to increase the number and respect of our Fraternity, and make a happy and wished for beginning of our Philosophical Canons, prescribed to us by our brother R.C. and be partakers with us of our treasures (which never can fail or be wasted) in all humility, and love to be eased of this worlds labor, and not walk so blindly in the knowledge of the wonderful works of God.


Det brittiska ordenssällskapet Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn och den tyska Frimurarlogen L'Aurore Naissante, vilket grundades i London 1888 respektive Frankfurt-am-Main 1807, delade på samma hebreiska namn Chevrah Zerach Bequr Aur, förevisat i gyllene gult vid bloggens huvud, vilket ordagrannt kan översättas till “Stigande Gryningsljusets Sällskap”. Denna tyska Rosenkorsiska Frimurarloge i Frankfurt, vilket måste anses vara det ursprungliga modertemplet till GOLDEN DAWN, kallade sig på tyska även Loge sur Aufgehenden Morgenröthe, vilket kan översättas till “Gryende Morgonrodnadens Loge”. Detta skiljer sig åt från den engelska seden att översätta orden Bequr Aur till “Golden Dawn” eller “Gyllene Gryningen”. Med anledning av Rosenkorstraditionens tyska ursprung är en mer korrekt översättning av Bequr Aur, genom franskans L'Aurore Naissante och tyskans Aufgehenden Morgenröthe, inget annat än GRYENDE MORGONRODNADEN. Denna hänvisning till ett stigande gryningsljus, morgonrodnad eller aurora är en klar hänvisning till den allmäna reformationen omnämnt i det ovan citerade stycket från Fama Fraternitatis. Denna blogg har dock valt att behålla den försvenskade anglo-saxiska termen GYLLENE GRYNINGEN för att denna, invand som den är, lättare associeras med den Rosenkorsiska tradition som här ämnas att framställas.

Licht, Leben, Liebe

tisdag 13 januari 2009

The higher teachings of Alpha et Omega and Solar Order

This essay is a followup on the two previous works which disseminates the subjects of the relations between the Alpha et Omega and Stella Matutina and sexual teachings of Alpha et Omega and the Solar Order. Yesterday Anthony Fleming a.k.a. Tony Fuller as usual made a highly interesting and illuminating exposition on the Golden Dawn Group regarding the higher Grade teachings of the Rosicrucian Order of the Alpha et Omega (A.O.) of S.L. MacGregor Mathers, somewhat comparing these to the higher Grade teachings of Stella Matutina (S.M.) of Dr. Robert Felkin. I believe it is in common interest for the readers to cite pertinent sections of this here, as it directly relates to the two above mentioned essays. However I have taken the liberty to edit the text somewhat, inserting clarifications within brackets and make corrections to some typos.

To begin with Tony Fuller states that he is "aware of very few SM papers in this category and almost none relating to the sub Grades which Felkin later dispensed with. However there were certainly quite a few AO Th[eoricus] A[deptus] M[inor], P[racticus] A[deptus] M[inor] and Ph[ilosophus] A[deptus] M[inor] papers issued". Fuller says he know this "because some were listed in a version of the Z2 papers as editorial comment [...]. Most of these papers have probably not survived but a few have (e.g. Sub Spe's [John William Brodie-Innes'] two part 'Paths and Portals' papers). A few of these also found their way to the SM (probably via Cargenie Dickson) and a couple were found in the [William Butler] Yeats' papers. Again, a small number of 6=5 [Adeptus Major] and 7=4 [Adeptus Exemptus] papers issued by the AO have survived and one can probably conclude that more existed than the small surviving selection". While most of those Fuller have seen "seem to have been written by Brodie Innes (Sub Spe) there are one or two indications of a Mathers origin. For example, there is a four part sequence of papers on the Kameas written by Brodie Innes which is stated as being for 7=4."

Fuller further says that he doesn't believe that the Cromlech Temple of the Solar Order in general was seen "as providing the 'higher' teachings" although he concedes "this may have been the case with some members. Certainly some of the Aura papers do elaborate on GD themes (the Dragon formulae, astrology, Ritual 'U' etc) and several are supposedly reserved for the Adeptus Exemptus."

Fuller states that he is "aware of some 160 separate Cromlech documents which in volume alone at least equal if not surpass the GD corpus". Fuller states that he has "around 120 of these. Another dozen may exist in another collection, and a further 30-35 are listed by Carnegie Dickson along with his annotation that he did not himself have copies of them. Quite a few of these papers are noted by Dickson as also being AO papers and issued accordingly to AO members. Despite a very close study of all extant papers, along with letters from Mrs Carnegie Dickson regarding Cromlech, and some 70 letters from Beryl Renn, 20 letters from John Reid (another N[ew] Z[eeland] member) plus many conversations with the last two", Fuller freely admits he has "not been able to form a coherent picture of the Cromlech temple in terms of its Grade structure nor how the various levels of teaching interralate."

If the reader has been zealous enough to study the above mentioned texts he or she will be aware that both the tradition and current of A.O. and the Solar Order eventually were brought to New Zeeland by the A.O. Adeptus Major (6=5) Charles Renn. Fuller futher, in comparing with the Golden Dawn, says that "very little is known of the Cromlech history. Certainly some Whare Ra members were upset that it was allowed to 'take root', Frank Salt being one of them. Indeed he writes very scathingly of this in a letter to the Chiefs. [...] After [Charles] Renn died there was, apparenly, some unpleasant lobbying amongst the members to suceed him, which upset Beryl Renn. There is, incidentally, one piece of evidence to strongly suggest that Ewen (Hugh) Campbell, 9=2 joined Cromlech in England in the 1930s and was initiated by Carnegie Dickson with whom he stayed while visiting."

And futher regarding the Solar Order and its relation to the Stella Matutina, Fuller continues that whether or not "the N[ew] Z[eeland] Temple of Cromlech (Io-Ana Temple) was well received it does appear to have been highly valued by senior UK GD members. We know that Brodie Innes remained the head for most of its existence apart from a brief period when he relinquished seniority to Felkin. For a period both Felkin and his wife highly praised the Order (in surviving documents) and Felkin did believe (for a period) that the 'Sun Masters' ruling the Order were also the Third Order (again documented in surviving including unpublished papers by Miss Stoddart - she was very critical). And we do know that Mathers joined and that either under his rule or under that of his successor, Cromlech and the AO were ruled together. Several of the surviving Cromlech rituals and papers actually bear AO stickers. Again, we know that Brodie-Innes' successor (Carnegie Dickson) actually was simultaneously head of AO and SM temples (he revived Amoun) and the Cromlech. This was at the time that Regardie joined Hermes and the Chiefs of Hermes referred to Dickson as the senior Chief. By the late 1940s the AO remnants had dissipated and Dickson and his wife transferred their activity to Hermes where the Cromlech was introduced again. From this point certain Cromlech papers make reference to the SM, rather than the AO. Other prominent AO members of the period (e.g. Mrs Tranchall- Hayes, friend of Dion Fortune) were also Cromlech members. Gareth Knight provides intriguing indications that Cromlech symbols and motifs were introduced to Dion Fortune."

So according to Tony Fuller the A.O. current through its legal successor Garnegie-Dickson was inherited into the Hermes Temple of Bristol. This explanis why Hermes Temple, according to Fuller, used the A.O. rituals and not the ones from S.M. during the 1950's and onwards. It is also interesting to note that Tamara Bourkoun's Order of the Pyramid and the Sphinx (O.P+S.) according to Steve Nichols and his The Magical Writings of Ithell Colquhoun gives an account where both Orders (i.e. the S.M. and O.P+S.) shared the same space for their meetings. This makes it possible that the A.O. current actually were transferred to the O.P+S. through Miss. Tranchell-Hayes, the last Imperatrix of the A.O., because of the physical close proximity.

Regarding the supposed elevation of the Solar Order to the status of a "Third Order" Tony Fuller continues that apart "from the Felkin reference above there are a few suggestive, but insubstantial, references in the Cromlech and other papers which possibly support a claim which ex-member John Reid once made" to Fuller that "the Cromlech Order (correct title, 'The Holy Order of the Sun') was regarded by some members as 'the Third Order', or the 'risen Sun of the GD'. Whether this ever was the case", Fuller concludes, "cannot yet be proved" and he affirms that he is "not asserting it."

In closing Fuller however asserts that regarding "the origins of the [Solar] Order no one knows. The earliest surviving document indicates an 1890 date. There is an intriguing claim made that the first Cromlech papers came from Isabelle De Steiger. If true, did she receive them from Mrs Atwood, the Alchemist, from whom De Steiger received many papers? Much work on these fascinating Orders remains to be done."
The Solar Order (Cromlech Temple) and its relation to Alpha et Omega and Stella Matutina is truly a fascinating subject and ideed well worth any serious research. Hopefully such serious research eventually will surfice and contribute to our fragmented historical understanding of the Golden Dawn and its side traditions.


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