Fama Fraternitatis - 1614

Wiewohl wir nun wohl wissen, daß es umb ein ziemliches noch nicht an dem, da wieder unserm Verlangen oder auch anderer Hoffnung mit allgemeiner Reformation divini et humani, solle genug geschehen, ist es doch nicht unbillich, daß, ehe die Sonne auffgehet, sie zuvor ein HELL oder dunkel liecht in den Himmel bringt und unter dessen etliche wenige, die sich werden angeben, zusammen tretten, unsere Fraternitet mit der Zahl und Ansehen des gewünschten und von Fr.R.C. fürgeschriebenen Philosophischen Canons, einen glücklichen Anfang machen oder ja in unserer Schätz (die uns nimmermehr aufgehen können) mit uns in Demut und Liebe genießen die Mühsamkeit dieser Welt überzuckern und in den Wunderwerken Gottes nicht also blind umbgehen.

Vi vet dock att det enligt vår åstundan och andras förväntningar efter någon tid kommer en allmän reformation av både gudomliga och mänskliga ting. Ty innan solen går upp, upplyses himlen av
MORGONRODNADENS ljus. I väntan på denna reformation församlas några få som med sitt antal skall utöka vårt brödraskap, höja dess anseende och stärka dess förhoppningar och ge de av Fr.R.C. föreskrivna Filosofiska Canons en lycklig begynnelse. I all ödmjukhet och kärlek skall dessa nytillkomna tillsammans med oss dela våra skatter, som aldrig skall förgås, och så lindra denna världens möda och inte längre vandra ovetande om kunskapen om Guds underbara verk.

Howbeit we know after a time there will now be a general reformation, both of divine and humane things, according to our desire, and the expectation of others: for it is fitting, that before the rising of the Sun, there should appear and break forth AURORA, or some clearness, or divine light in the sky; and so in the mean time some few, which shall give their names, may joyn together, thereby to increase the number and respect of our Fraternity, and make a happy and wished for beginning of our Philosophical Canons, prescribed to us by our brother R.C. and be partakers with us of our treasures (which never can fail or be wasted) in all humility, and love to be eased of this worlds labor, and not walk so blindly in the knowledge of the wonderful works of God.


Det brittiska ordenssällskapet Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn och den tyska Frimurarlogen L'Aurore Naissante, vilket grundades i London 1888 respektive Frankfurt-am-Main 1807, delade på samma hebreiska namn Chevrah Zerach Bequr Aur, förevisat i gyllene gult vid bloggens huvud, vilket ordagrannt kan översättas till “Stigande Gryningsljusets Sällskap”. Denna tyska Rosenkorsiska Frimurarloge i Frankfurt, vilket måste anses vara det ursprungliga modertemplet till GOLDEN DAWN, kallade sig på tyska även Loge sur Aufgehenden Morgenröthe, vilket kan översättas till “Gryende Morgonrodnadens Loge”. Detta skiljer sig åt från den engelska seden att översätta orden Bequr Aur till “Golden Dawn” eller “Gyllene Gryningen”. Med anledning av Rosenkorstraditionens tyska ursprung är en mer korrekt översättning av Bequr Aur, genom franskans L'Aurore Naissante och tyskans Aufgehenden Morgenröthe, inget annat än GRYENDE MORGONRODNADEN. Denna hänvisning till ett stigande gryningsljus, morgonrodnad eller aurora är en klar hänvisning till den allmäna reformationen omnämnt i det ovan citerade stycket från Fama Fraternitatis. Denna blogg har dock valt att behålla den försvenskade anglo-saxiska termen GYLLENE GRYNINGEN för att denna, invand som den är, lättare associeras med den Rosenkorsiska tradition som här ämnas att framställas.

Licht, Leben, Liebe

torsdag 18 september 2008

The Divine Names of the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram (and Hexagram)

Someone just recently suggested replacing the divine names of the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram just because he couldn't see any logical explanation for their allotment to the four Quarters, motivating his reason for doing this with the need of a tradition to constantly develop and grow. His questions inspired me to write this following response.
It's correct that a tradition must be open to change to be defined as living and vibrant egregore. But that doesn't mean that we can do changes for their own sake. On the other hand, everything in our tradition must be scrutinized. But before we are able to make any changes, we must know what we are doing in the process, i.e. why certain names has been used in the past before we can decide if and how they are wrong. Just by not understanding why the names of power are alloted as they are doesn't justify a change - because we don't know what we are doing when we are making the change.
But to be honest, I haven't found any logical explanation myself to the traditional allotment between divine names and Quarters, i.e. IHVH to East, Adonai to South, Eheieh to West, and Agela to North. If we solely use a Elemental perspective on our analysis we find these names not following any consequent pattern; only the names of East and North correspond to the Quarters following the Elemental allotments of the latter.

I know however that the four names for God oftentimes are used in traditional protective circles in medieval grimoires, i.e. they have a traditional protective value in the minds of the magicians.

Personally I believe that the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram should be regarded as a general ritual of banishing and invocation (especially of the former). The four traditional Qabalistic divine names in the ritual doesn't necessarily pertain to the four Elements themselves, but instead they may be used to invoke divine power or current of a more neutral (i.e. general) nature, not Elemental per se.
IHVH (Tetragrammaton) is one of the most recurrent and important names for God in the Old Testament. Adonai is used as a substitute for it - remember Jews were forbidden to pronounce the name Tetragrammaton - designating him (i.e. IHVH) as "Lord". Even the dagesh points (i.e. vocal punctuations) were taken from the name Adonai and applied to IHVH, resulting in the vulgar pronunciation of "Yehowah" or "Yahweh". Eheieh is God as the burning bush - "I am who I am" - as He appeared for Moses. AGLA is once again a reference to Adonai - "Lord" - as it is a acronym for "Atah Gibor LeOlam, Adonai" which can be translated as "Thou art powerful for ever, Oh Lord". So all this points to the One God, not the many; i.e. unity.

Thus, read as one sentence one gets "IHVH, Adonai, Eheieh, Atah Gibor LeOlam, Adonai" which may be translated as "Yehovah, my Lord, who are who You are, Thou art powerful, Oh Lord, through the ages". So what we basically have here is a prayer that invokes the power and grace of God Almighty.

Another analysis of the names is that the Lesser Pentagram Ritual uses one active (IHVH) and passive (Adonai) name of the Elemental Pentagrams, i.e. from Air and Earth respectively, and also the active (Eheieh) and passive (AGLA) spirit pentagram names, in succession. Active - Passive - Active - Passive. Maybe something can be construed from this?

Be there as it may, but I get a sense of a general feeling with these names, as opposed to the specially allotted Elemental divine names as they appear in the Greater and Supreme Pentagram Rituals.
But all this is my personal speculation, and as I am not sure of what the original intention was in alloting these names to the Quarters I wouldn't tamper with it. Something we don't know anything about may be lost, and the new insertions could create something that was not originally intended.
Also, many make the mistake for believing the Lesser Ritual of the Pentagram to be a Earth Elemental ritual because of the use of the Earth Pentagram. With this kind of reasoning one could construe a sub-elemental (of Earth) quality in the ritual. But this I belive wasn't the original intention, i.e. for it to be sub-elemental. In my opinion it is not a ritual corresponding to the Element of Earth per se. It is however a general ritual for invocation and banishing of Elemental forces, using the Earth Pentagram, as Elemental Earth is a combination of and synthesis of the other Primary Elements of Air, Fire and Water (see the 2=9 ritual for the basis of this reasoning).
Thus it should be viewed as a general ritual for the use of forces belonging to the physical or material world (i.e. symbolized by the Element of Earth). This is not saying that Earth is allotted to matter in it self, as the other three Elements also are represented there, but in viewing the Elements (corresponding to the Tetragrammaton) as representations of the Four Qabalistic Worlds - in this instance Assiah or matter - one easily will come to an understanding of why the Earth Pentagram is suitable for banishing and invocation of material forces.

The particular names for God in the ritual also alludes to the four Elements - the elemental world of matter - as the Tetragrammaton (IHVH) works as the primary name, being spelled first, and the general use of Adonai as a substitute for IHVH. But curiosly enough, all the names used in the Ritual are Tetragrammata, i.e. they each consists of four letters; IHVH (Jehovah), ADNI (Adonai), AHIH (Eheieh) and AGLA (Agela). All this points towards the overall and general Elemental (material) attribution of the ritual.

In the same manner, the Lesser Hexagram Ritual also works as a general banishing ritual for more exalted forces, i.e. beyond the sublunary world, attributed as it is to a overall and general Planetary (astral) nature; it uses the sevenfold lettered name of ARARITA. In the same manner Saturn is here used as a general representation for the astrological forces (as opposed to the terrestrial) as it corresponds to Earth; the 32nd Path of Tau - Earth and Saturn.

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