Fama Fraternitatis - 1614

Wiewohl wir nun wohl wissen, daß es umb ein ziemliches noch nicht an dem, da wieder unserm Verlangen oder auch anderer Hoffnung mit allgemeiner Reformation divini et humani, solle genug geschehen, ist es doch nicht unbillich, daß, ehe die Sonne auffgehet, sie zuvor ein HELL oder dunkel liecht in den Himmel bringt und unter dessen etliche wenige, die sich werden angeben, zusammen tretten, unsere Fraternitet mit der Zahl und Ansehen des gewünschten und von Fr.R.C. fürgeschriebenen Philosophischen Canons, einen glücklichen Anfang machen oder ja in unserer Schätz (die uns nimmermehr aufgehen können) mit uns in Demut und Liebe genießen die Mühsamkeit dieser Welt überzuckern und in den Wunderwerken Gottes nicht also blind umbgehen.

Vi vet dock att det enligt vår åstundan och andras förväntningar efter någon tid kommer en allmän reformation av både gudomliga och mänskliga ting. Ty innan solen går upp, upplyses himlen av
MORGONRODNADENS ljus. I väntan på denna reformation församlas några få som med sitt antal skall utöka vårt brödraskap, höja dess anseende och stärka dess förhoppningar och ge de av Fr.R.C. föreskrivna Filosofiska Canons en lycklig begynnelse. I all ödmjukhet och kärlek skall dessa nytillkomna tillsammans med oss dela våra skatter, som aldrig skall förgås, och så lindra denna världens möda och inte längre vandra ovetande om kunskapen om Guds underbara verk.

Howbeit we know after a time there will now be a general reformation, both of divine and humane things, according to our desire, and the expectation of others: for it is fitting, that before the rising of the Sun, there should appear and break forth AURORA, or some clearness, or divine light in the sky; and so in the mean time some few, which shall give their names, may joyn together, thereby to increase the number and respect of our Fraternity, and make a happy and wished for beginning of our Philosophical Canons, prescribed to us by our brother R.C. and be partakers with us of our treasures (which never can fail or be wasted) in all humility, and love to be eased of this worlds labor, and not walk so blindly in the knowledge of the wonderful works of God.

Definition

Det brittiska ordenssällskapet Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn och den tyska Frimurarlogen L'Aurore Naissante, vilket grundades i London 1888 respektive Frankfurt-am-Main 1807, delade på samma hebreiska namn Chevrah Zerach Bequr Aur, förevisat i gyllene gult vid bloggens huvud, vilket ordagrannt kan översättas till “Stigande Gryningsljusets Sällskap”. Denna tyska Rosenkorsiska Frimurarloge i Frankfurt, vilket måste anses vara det ursprungliga modertemplet till GOLDEN DAWN, kallade sig på tyska även Loge sur Aufgehenden Morgenröthe, vilket kan översättas till “Gryende Morgonrodnadens Loge”. Detta skiljer sig åt från den engelska seden att översätta orden Bequr Aur till “Golden Dawn” eller “Gyllene Gryningen”. Med anledning av Rosenkorstraditionens tyska ursprung är en mer korrekt översättning av Bequr Aur, genom franskans L'Aurore Naissante och tyskans Aufgehenden Morgenröthe, inget annat än GRYENDE MORGONRODNADEN. Denna hänvisning till ett stigande gryningsljus, morgonrodnad eller aurora är en klar hänvisning till den allmäna reformationen omnämnt i det ovan citerade stycket från Fama Fraternitatis. Denna blogg har dock valt att behålla den försvenskade anglo-saxiska termen GYLLENE GRYNINGEN för att denna, invand som den är, lättare associeras med den Rosenkorsiska tradition som här ämnas att framställas.

Licht, Leben, Liebe

söndag 3 augusti 2008

The origins of the Qabalah of the Golden Dawn

Recent decades of scholary research has shown that the Golden Dawn can trace many of its roots and origins from 18th Century Germany, particularily in the organizations of Gold- ünd Rosenkreutz and the Asiatic Brethren.

Jean-Pascal Ruggiu says in his highly interesting and original article Rosicrucian Alchemy and the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (1996) the following:
It must be underlined that the Rituals of R.R. & A.C. were not entirely created by MacGregor Mathers, but that he was inspired by those of the German Golden Rosy+Cross, which I am quite sure he received by regular transmission. Indeed, I have the proof that the GOLDEN DAWN wands patterns were inspired by the Moses' Wand described in a very secret and old German document of the Golden Rosy Cross (dated 1514), a copy of which is in my possession and that I received from the Internal college of this Order. It is quite interesting to note that this document contains strong Polish Jewish Cabalistic influences, and especially those coming from the school of Shabathai Zévi, who proclaimed himself in 1666 to be the Messiah awaited by all the Jews. This date (1666) is very interesting, because it is in accordance with at solar cycle of 111 years. Indeed, the German Golden Rosy+Cross Order was linked to this 111 years cycle; for instance, it was in 1777 that his Order was reformed with a new scale of grades, which was also adopted both by the S.R.I.A. and the Golden Dawn founded 111 years later in 1888. Now, the Golden Rosy+Cross document which I referred to above, contains also many rituals which we find once again in the Golden Dawn (for instance several versions in Latin and in Hebrew of the Cabalistic Cross Ritual and the Middle Pillar Ritual). So, this document constitutes the proof that the Golden Dawn magical rituals are in fact the developments of those of the German Golden Rosy Cross; but as these latter rituals are still very secret, it is also proof that the founders of the GOLDEN DAWN received a genuine German Rosicrucian transmission...
But the Shabbataian influences of the Golden Dawn have even more prominent origins from the later offshot Asiatic Brethren, which took the amalgamation of Polish Qabalah with Rosicrucianism even further. Jean-Pascal Ruggiu have this to say about the Asiatic Brethren, or Fratres Lucis as they also called themselves:
The original Fratres Lucis or "Brooderhood of Light" was founded in Germany by the baron Ecker Von Eckhoffen, a past member of the Golden Rosy+Cross and also founder of Asiatic Brethren. All these German fraternities were deeply involved with the prectice of alchemy. My historical researches into these topics proved that many members belonging to the Asiatic Brethren of Fratres Lucis became members of a German masonic lodge called L'Aurore Naissante (or "the Nascent Dawn") founded in Frankfurt-am-Main in 1807. Westcott wrote that this lodge was a "very ancient Rosicrucian Lodge of Frankfurt-on-Main were Lord Bulwer Lytton was received into Adeptship".
The hebrew name of the Lodge L'Aurore Naissante "Chevrah Zerach Bequr Aur" were also identified by Gershom Scholem having some high ranking Frankist/Sabbatean members. This has also been noted by the reknowned scholar Harris Lenowitz. All these Qabalististic influences originated from the Asiatic Brethren.

David Griffin writes the following in his article Did W.Wynn Wescott try and steal the Golden Dawn's legitimate Rosicrucian lineage for the S.R.I.A.? (2008), which claims a direct Qabalistic transmission into the Golden Dawn through the Asiatic Brethren:
The Asiatic Brethren was a schismatic Rosicrucian order founded in 1780 by then member of the Gold und Rosenkreutz order Hans Heinrich von Ecker und Eckhoffen (1750-1790). Interestingly, the Asiatic Brethren was a Rosicrucian order which allowed Jews among its members at a time that antisemitism was rampant in Germany. Among its Jewish members figured prominent Qabalists from the heretical sect of Sabatai Zevi such as Ephraim Hirschfeld (?- 1819) and Thomas von Schonfeld (whose real name was Moses Dobrucshka). Thus the order of the Asiatic Brethren holds a unique place in the history of the Rosicrucian tradition, as having fully developed its Qabalistic aspect for the first time. Interestingly, the Sabataian Qabalah of the Asiatic Brethren is of exactly the same nature as that later found in the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.
On the 7th of July 2008 Olen Rush wrote the following highly interesting and initiated comment on the H.O.G.D./A+O forum:
I would note that Moses Dabrouschka was the cousin (often described as nephew) of Yaqov Frank the head of the most radical Sabbateans, he was also known as Junius Frey and Thomas von Schoenfeld. The Frankist Kabbalah is everywhere evident within the G.'.D.'. in its diagrams, rituals, etc. The Adoration of the Lord of the Universe is astoundingly Sabbatean as are many things within this Order (Serpent Symbolism, etc). However, much of the Secret meaning has been replaced.... (Ma'asah Dumah, Torah D'Atziluth, Mitzvah H'Ba-ah B'Averah, Ma'asim Zarim, etc) by other interpretations. Frank may be quoted in the Dicta of the Lord as stating "678. The gods of Framassoncy will have to do that which those two did." This is taken to mean Freemasonry as noted in the text.
He gives the following references to support his statement:
Here is a link to a direct statement regarding this connection by Harris Lenowitz, Professor of Hebrew in the Department of Languages and Literature and the Middle East Center of the University of Utah. He is the author of several texts relating to Sabbateanism and Jewish Messianism:

http://www.kheper.net/topics/Hermeticism/GoldenDawn_and_Freemasonry.htm

Renowned Scholar of Kabbalah and Judaism Gershom Scholem makes several references to this connection:

From Scholem's "Kabbalah"(Meridian Books, First printing, March 1978); pg 34:

"Moses, the son of Schoendel Dobruschka, Frank's cousin, who was known in many circles as his nephew, was the outstanding figure in the last generation of Frankists, being known as Franz Thomas von Schoenfeld (a German writer and organizer of a mystical order of a Jewish Christian kabbalistic character, the "Asiatic Brethren"), and later as Junius Frey (a Jacobin revolutionary in France)."

This may be of interest (although from a somewhat anti-Sabbatean site):

http://www.geocities.com/cliff_shack/jewsfreemasonsch3.html

http://soc.world-journal.net/asiaticb.html

This may be helpful:

http://www.mastermason.com/luxocculta/golden.htm#_ftn3

I would also reference connections to Samuel Jacob Hayyim Falk, the "ba'al shem of London," as indicated in Scholem, "Kabbalah" pg 311 (Meridian Books, First printing, March 1978):

"In the 18th century, Samuel Hayyim Falk, the "ba'al shem of London," achieved considerable prominence. He was called "Doctor Falk" by christians."

This Dr Falk had connections to Sabbateanism (also Cagliostro, Swedenborg) and the later "Kabbalistic College". However, I don't presently have time to dig up other quick references. Although he is mentioned by Westcott as well.

The "Lightbearers of Darkness" and Nesta Webster show a anti-Semetic paranoia regarding the Sabbatean roots and pick on our good friend "Dr Falk"... (who was probably forced to flee the continent for Great Britain due to discovery of his Secret Sabbatean Faith).

The "Sabbatean Kabbalah"...was to an extent worked by the believers - 'Ma'aminim' - behind the scenes... yet in plain sight of the Christian members... who were unaware of the somewhat antinomian nature of the system. The Sabbatean adherents working through the G_ds of Freemasonry were operating under the "Labour of Silence" or "Ma'asah Dumah".

It should be noted that there were certain Sexual Mysteries taught among various sects of the 'Ma'aminim'. Quick references to this can be found in Scholem's texts on Kabbalah:

"Kabbalah", "Sabbatai Tzvi: The Mystical Messiah", "The Messianic Idea in Judaism".

There have of late been certain publications in the Middle East validating some of these practices.
It's obvious that the research into the Frankist and Shabbatheian origins of the Qabalah of the Golden Dawn is a much needed and highly interesting field yet to venture into. It's my belief that the "missing link" between German Rosicrucianism and the Golden Dawn is Kenneth MacKenzie, probably through the mysterious Hungarian Count Apponyi. Strangly at it seems William Wynn Westcott claims that the Rosicrucian MacKenzie-Apponyi connection was the true origin of the Societas Rosicruciania in Anglia (S.R.I.A.). David Griffin also says the following regarding MacKenzie:
In his 1947 paper, "The Origin of our Rosicrucian Society," [The Freemansonic Scholar Bruce] Wilson reveals an astonishing discovery. It turns out that Kenneth MacKenzie actually had been initiated into a Rosicrucian society and had indeed received a warrant from Count Apponyi. Furthermore, MacKenzie did actually use this warrant to found a Rosicrucian organization, but it was not the SRIA! Wilson reveals that the warranted organization was none other than the first phase of the Golden Dawn, as a branch of a Continental society called the Brothers of Light. This is a reference to the Order of the Asiatic Brethren (also called the Ritter und Bruder des Lichts or Knights and Brothers of Light).
Jean-Pascal Ruggiu however has another intriguing theory regarding Kenneth MacKenzie's continental connection:
According to MacKenzie and [Fredrick] Hockley's claims, they were initiated into the Fratres Lucis in France at Paris, possibly by Eliphas Lévi who is alleged to be a member of this Brotherhood.
So it is possible that MacKenzie actually had communication with several members of the continenal Rosicrucian Order. MacKenzie later used the name of Fratres Lucis for his own English member of the rosicrucian body, also known as "The Society of Eight".

S.R.

1 kommentar:

Dean Wilson sa...

Very interesting post, Fr. S.R.

So perhaps those 2 lodges mentioned in the History Lecture before the Isis-Urania one was founded did exist, albeit perhaps under the name of Fratres Lucis or similar. I concur with your belief that McKenzie offers the "missing link" between the G.'.D.'. and the European R+C traditions. I hope more research on this will occur in the near future.

Thanks for the intriguing post.

LVX,
Dean.