I DET Declamatio Fraternitatis som publicerades på Gyllene Gryningen under Vårdagjämningen 2014, utgörande ett manifest av Hermetiska Orden av Den Gryende Morgonrodnaden (H∴O∴G∴M+R), i vilket undertecknad är Archon Basileus (högsta ledare), deklarerades följande och som kommer att utgöra ämnet för denna essä angående den härkomst som vår Orden hävdar till Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn och Rosicrucian Order of Alpha Omega, med en förhoppning om att frågetecken om vår Ordens position i denna fråga kommer att rätas ut till utropstecken i denna ärliga och något utdragna redogörelse:
H∴O∴G∴M+R utgör... en obruten länk till och kontinuitet av det ursprungliga Tempel [i Sverige] som grundades år 1997, vilket i sin tur har utgjort en i rakt nedstigande led legitim avkomma till det ursprungliga Hermetic Order of the G∴D∴ som grundades i London 1888 av S. L. MacGregor Mathers och William Wynn Westcott, vilket år 1906 vederbörligen bytte namn till Rosicrucian Order of A∴O∴, en Orden som återuppstod legitimt i Paris år 1993 auktoriserat av tvenne Adepti Exempti i London, England. År 1998 blev vårt Tempel tillsammans med ett annat svenskt Tempel auktoriserat av ett sändebud från Ahathôor Tempel No. 7 i Paris och blev då officiellt ett Alpha et Omega-tempel. Vårt nya Modertempel från 2014 är rest på samma grund som vårt avvecklade Tempel från 1997.
Ithell Colquhoun utgör också en av källorna till ”druid-spåret” vilket bekräftas och substantiellt har utvecklats av en muntlig tradition som härstammar från Desmond Bourke och som har förmedlats vidare till oss genom Jean-Pascal Ruggiu och David Griffin. Denna gör gällande att Nauda Templet grundades år 1916 av Ärke-Druiden George Watson MacGregor Reid (1862?–1946) som en hybrid mellan Golden Dawn och den druidiska traditionen, som praktiskerade Golden Dawn ritualer (både Yttre och Inre Orden) vid sidan av keltiska ritualer i Chapman, London. MacGregor Reid hade inlett denna syntes över ett decennium tidigare med MacGregor Mathers efter att ha grundat An Uileach Druidh Braithreachas (The Druid Universal Bond) och givit MacGregor Mathers titeln som Ärke-Druid. Den senare gav Reid titeln ”MacGregor” som frukten av detta samarbete tillsammans med Graden Adeptus Exemptus och således rätten att grunda Tempel och förätta Grader inom Golden Dawns tradition.
Även om vi medger att Bourke-linjens härkomst till G∴D∴ och A∴O∴ inte går att bevisa med dokumentation eller andra oberoende sagesmän och att det görs starka försök att vederlägga den (dock med politiska förtecken snarare än akademiska), utgör den samtidigt den mest intressanta såväl som legitima av dem alla i egenskap av Graden Adeptus Exemptus 7°=4°. Dock är varken Bourke eller hans initiator längre med oss och de tog hemligheten med sig i graven; i brist på substantiella bevis som kan vederlägga Bourkes påståenden väljer vi att lita på våra sagesmän och initiatorer, vilket är kutym i esoteriska sammanhang, och tro på den muntliga tradition som traditionellt har förmedlats till oss och som vi här återger till fullo.
Mystified by certain resemblances in structure and wording between the Druid-rituals and those of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, I once asked Dr. Robert A. F. MacGregor Reid, late Chosen Chief of An Uileach Druidh Braithreachas (= The Druid Universal Bond) what connection there was between the two fraternities. He replied: ‘Doesn’t it occur to you that the Druid Order is the survivor of the Golden Dawn?’ Later he passed on to me the rumour of a more intriguing survival, that of ‘a very strict GD Lodge [Nauda Temple] in the Regent’s Park area working in the manner of the Jesuits’, though he was unable to discover more about it.This Temple [Nauda] operated in Clapham, S.W.4, and a photograph of its interior exists (or until recently existed) showing the Hierophant’s Throne, the Altar and the Two Pillars. Ariovistus [Robert A. F. MacGregor Reid] told me that ‘the Sanctuary’, which I gathered was another structure within the temple, was then in the possession of a Unitarian minister unwilling to surrender it. Was this Sanctuary a Vault of the Adepts, on the orthodox GD model, for the use of Nauda’s Second Order initiates?A Vault was housed [by Nauda] (though not used since the 1930′s) at Narbonne Road, S.E., until some twenty years later at least.G. W. MacGregor Reid was the Archbishop of a Universalist (Culdee) Church with which Nauda had a close connection, both spiritual and geographical.On the occasion of the GD Schism of 1900, according to Amenophis, the Grove of Mount Haemus [An Uileach Druidh Braithreachas] stood aside from controversy in an attempt to avoid the consequent dissensions and splinterings. It had lost many supporters to the GD in the latter’s hey-day and they did not return, though many now left the Golden Dawn also. By 1907 Mount Haemus had severed its last links; this date, or one soon after it, may indicate the founding of Nauda even if this was a revival of some differently-named and earlier Temple. I suspect that a certain amount of pre-Schism material came to it through Charles Rosher, though Nauda apparently owed something also to A. E. Waite: the colours of the regalia in An Uileach Druidh Braithreachas’s Ovate Og [0°=0°] ceremony are those prescribed for Officers in Waite’s Fellowship of the Rosy Cross…What An Uileach Druidh Braithreachas works as inner ritual it probably took over from Nauda.By 1953 the Druid Order had a threefold structure in the Golden Dawn tradition:A Third or Innermost Order, The Mound-Builders–also called the Hendeka so presumably consisting of eleven members–styled Druids. This claimed direct descent from the Grove of Antiquity, Mount Haemus; the tradition of the Hendeka is associated with Mount Haemus from its earliest years;A Second or Inner Order, An Uileach Druidh Braithreachas properly so called, the members being styled Chaired Bards and having passed the 5°=6° Grade (Adeptus Minor in the GD);The First or Outer Order, which had adopted the name of A.O.D.H. (Mrs. Ansell’s Ancient Order of the Druid Hermetists), the members being of Grades 1°=10° to 4°=7° and styled Bards.
Outside of this, the Central Collage of Mount Haemus ran a correspondence course of three ‘Steps’ for scattered members who were styled ovates; it seems that candidates had to pass through this course before presenting themselves for the First Order.
Dear Frater,Thank you for your letter dated 6th October.My memory is bad (I am now over 85) but I will try and help. One thing is certain: I’ve never had any contact with the Hermes Temple in Bristol.However, your reference to Felkin struck a note. I think Richard Jac de Palatine made such a claim regarding the Order of the True Rosy Cross: though he also claims to have received that Order from America.As you know I have done some research. Firstly regarding Martinism and secondly about Yarker, both involving Richard. The first led ultimately to the formation of a Martinist Lodge by me, John Emerson, David Walker, and others which led to the formation of the Hermetic Order of Martinists.The second led to me acquiring a number of “charters” and things which I wanted for my research and to illustrate my work. However, after I had acquired a large amount of material, I was pre-empted by another study and lost interest. It is these so-called “charters” which may have led to confusion as some included “The Order of the True Rosy Cross” and recipients may claim to have received an authority from me, which I did not and could not give.Three friends from that time may have had my “charters”: – John Fitzpatrick, Howard Doe, and Apollon (?spelling?).John F. is inaccurate. Howard Doe has also received the same sort of things (some but not all through me) from Dr. Crow including he claims the Ancient and Arcane Order of the Rosy Cross. Both have contacts in France.Apollon was a member of an active group and expressed interest in my charters. I told him he could have one but do not remember if he accepted the offer, and if he did I do not remember if I wrote a covering letter or MS. I went to one of his meetings in the Neophyte Grade conducted by a lady whose name I forget. I met Pat Zalewski and the one who went to Australia once or perhaps twice in the company of John F. and Howard Doe.In my time the True Rosy Cross has only met as a Study Group and not conferred any grades but if I or they did, it could only be valid within that Order. In my opinion initiation can only be conferred by someone who has himself received it in person, which is why I might & could only say that the True Rosy Cross is in the G.D. Tradition or system.All good wishesI hope this helps,
|Sagesmännen Jean-Pascal Ruggiu och David Griffin|
The English conferral was inter-Order rather than Intra-Order; thus I received the degree as a visiting Head of an Order [August Order of the Mystic Rose] rather than as a Student of the previous Order [Ancient Magical Order of the Golden Dawn]. The intent of the conferral was to transmit the authorities of the 7=4 grade as received through the four Orders or lineages: 1) The Stella Matutina; 2) The Secret college of SRIA; 3) The Order of the Sacred Word; 4) The Traditional Golden Dawn Order. The combination of the various lineages is due to the ubiquitous activities of a certain Initiate [Desmond Bourke] in the various Bodies. Since the Initiates whom I contacted are impeccably connected with the various Inner Orders and Occult Schools, and connection with them reached me through numerous channels independently, I have not the slightest doubt of the veracity, on their own terms, of their claims…For the present, without quoting names without permission, I shall simply state that Frater A. [Bourke] received the 7=4 in the Stella Matutina; that he was a member of the Hermes Temple which closed in 1972; that he is in possession of the original warrants of Dr. Felkin; that he is a member of the SRIA and the Secret Collage of the SRIA; that he formerly governed access to the manuscripts room in the British Library; that he is Druid; that he holds Charters also for the Rite of Memphis in Britain; that he is recognised as an Initiate by the Heads of various occult Orders in Europe. G.H. Frater A. was a member of, and actually at the head of, quite a number of Occult Orders in Britain, and was active in several Golden Dawn type Orders. Then in the early 1980’s, G.H. Frater A. ceremoniously conferred the grade of 7=4, in combined lineages cited above, upon a certain G.H Frater B. [Apollon Leontas], who was himself never at any time a member of the Stella Matutina, but who had forumlated independently a successful Occult Order working along Golden Dawn lines [Ancient Magical Order of the Golden Dawn]. Thus, Frater A. intended to transmit the full authorities of the Grade of 7=4 which he had aquired in the Stella Matutina and elsewhere on Frater B.
Then in 1993 G. H. Frater B ceremonially conferred the Grade of 7=4 on me, with the intent of transmitting simultaneously the authorities of the four lineages cited above.
The same lineages were transmitted at the same time to the Chiefs [Nicholas Tereschenko & Jean-Pascal Ruggiu] of at third Temple [Ahathôor] located in another country [Frankrike]. Thus, at the present there are three Temples [Serapis, Ahathoor & A.O.M.R.], in the three countries [England, Frankrike & USA], which share fraternal relations and lineage. This of course includes the Temple with which I am presently working.
I spoke directly with Desmond Bourke in London in September of 1993, and he acknowledged to me at that time that he possessed 4 (four) distinct lineages of the Golden Dawn, with authorities to confer the Grades of the Order.
The Hermetic Order of the Sacred Word appeared recently in London claiming descent from the Stella Matutina; one would suppose it to have come through Merlin [ett Stella Matutina Tempel som grundades av R. W. Felkin, likaväl som Modertemplet Amoun] but this was denied. The only remaining alternative is that it is derived from scattered remnants of Amoun–if in fact its SM affiliation is genuine. Its moving spirit was a Doctor of Music named Roger Hunt who was at one time closely linked with the dissident Bardic and Druid Order, several adherents belonging to both organisations. The Sacred Word met at the Bardic and Druid Order’s premises and wore the same type of robe and head-dress. It had a chequered career with several upheavals and shifts in leadership, during the course of which it changed its name to the Order of the Light and of the Darkness. It severed relations with the Bardic and Druid Order, itself a dissident from A.D.U.B. [An Druidh Uileach Braithreachas]; then essayed a return to source by amalgamating itself with the A.D.U.B. under Dr. Thomas Maughan. This alliance was short-lived and I understand that the darkness has now overcome the light.
Denna text är rebloggad från Hermetiska Orden av Den Gryende Morgonrodnaden men i en omredigerad form och från olika avsnitt på sidan Härkomst.